Central Govt. Launches Integrated Scheme for School Education to Merge SSA & RMSA

Published Date - 30 March 2018 01:44:36 Updated Date - 30 March 2018 02:28:39

The Centre is contemplating merging two of its flagship schemes —Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)--into one. All the existing education schemes of central government  like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE) will get merged into single scheme. This scheme will continue from 1 April 2018 to 31 March 2020 with total estimated outlay of Rs. 75,000 crore (20% over current allocation).

The Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry is examining the feasibility of merging the two schemes in view of the suggestions that the move would help work out a unified action plan to improve the quality and standards of the school education keeping with the common mandate of the two scheme—universalisation of education

Department of School Education and Literacy will formulate this integrated Scheme. 20% increase over the current allocations. This new scheme will realize PM’s vision of “Sabko Shiksha”, “AchhiShiksha”.

Integrated Scheme will provide assistance to the state to universalize access to school education from pre-nursery to class XII.

The SSA, launched in 2000-2001, is a flagship programme of the Centre for universalising elementary education in India. Its overall goals include universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning levels of children.

About 19.67 crore children are enrolled in 14.5 lakh elementary schools across the country with 66.27 lakh teachers deployed under the SSA.

The RMSA, launched in 2009, seeks to enhance access to the secondary education and improve its quality.

Benefits of Integrated Scheme for School Education

This scheme will ensure the following benefits for the welfare of schools, children and education:-

  1. Following a holistic approach towards education. The primary focus is on quality of education and improvement in learning outcomes.
  2. All the levels of schooling whether it is pre-schooling or senior secondary are included to raise level of education.
  3. This scheme will allow formation of an integrated administration which looks at school as an association.
  4. Teachers will now have capacity building features.
  5. Strengthening of Teacher education institutions such as SCERTs and DIETs to improve levels of teacher training.
  6. Usage of digital technologies in education system like smart classrooms, digital boards and DTK channels.
  7. Promotion of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan through activities like “Swachh Vidyalaya”.
  8. Improvement in Infrastructure quality in various govt. schools.
  9. Promotion of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme with special emphasis on “Kaushal Vikas” in schools.

10. Supporting initiatives like Khelo India School Games to identify young talents in schools.

Under Integrated Scheme for School Education, govt. will give special preference to Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs), LWEs, Special Focus Districts (SFDs), Border areas and 115 aspirational districts.

About Integrated Scheme for School Education

The scheme aims to provide inclusive and equitable quality education to students in accordance with Sustainable Development Goal for Education. For this reason, govt. will focus on 2 T’s – Teacher and Technology. The main objectives os this scheme are as follows:-

  • To provide quality education and enhance learning outcomes of students.
  • Bridge social as well as gender gaps in education.
  • To ensure equity and inclusion at all levels of schooling i.e from primary classes to class 12th.
  • Govt. will ensure minimization of standards in provisions of schooling.
  • To promote vocalization of school education.
  • Ensuring successful implementation of Right to free and compulsory education through providing 25% reservation under RTE Act 2009.
  • Up-gradation of SCERT / DIET as nodal agencies for training of teachers.

This is a major initiative of the central govt. to provide quality education to all students and reduce the drop-out rate of students.

Integrated Scheme for School Education – Impact

All the states and UTs are flexible to plan their efforts in accordance with scheme norms and resources available. This will raise transition rate of various levels of school education and ensures that children completes their education.

This scheme will enable schools to provide quality education and provide them skills and knowledge necessary for overall development. Accordingly, students after getting high quality education can get good jobs which will reduce unemployment.


The human resource development ministry is working on a plan to integrate several flagship school schemes including the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and teacher education. As of now, SSA and RMAS have a joint mandate to make school education universal.

On fiscal accountability part, Jaitley said the country is looking to spend Rs1 trillion to revitalize the infrastructure of higher educational institutions.

In his Budget 2018 speech, Jaitley unveiled a new scheme called Revitalising Infrastructure and Systems in Education or RISE.

The RISE scheme will be financed via a restructured higher education financing agency (HEFA) that is functioning for the last two months as a non-banking financial company. It aims to lend low-cost funds to government higher educational institutions. Right now HEFA is looking to raise Rs20,000 crore and Thursday’s announcement hikes this number to Rs1 trillion.

While HEFA was granted a budgetary allocation of Rs250 crore in fiscal year 2018, in FY19, the lending body will be provided a budget of Rs2,750 crore.

HEFA was created to infuse fiscal discipline among government higher educational institutions and allow them to raise money and pay back from their own income. In a way, Budget 2018’s plan to expand HEFA will put in place a system where higher educational institutions will be borrowing from a dedicated organization instead of depending on grant money for each of their expenses.

Of the total education outlay for FY19, school education has got a lion share of Rs50,000 crore (nearly Rs3,000 crore more than the previous revised budget) and rest Rs35,010 crore has gone to the higher education sector.

In the school sector, SSA has been allocated a budget of Rs26,128 crore up from Rs23,500 crore in the previous budget. Similarly, RMSA will be provided with Rs4,213 crore, up by Rs300 crore from the previous budget. The flagship school meal programme of Mid-day-Meal will get Rs10,500 crore in FY19, an increase of Rs500 crore from the previous budget.

Even as the budget talked about setting up a chain of special schools for tribal students, it cut the allocation for both its marquee school chains of Kendriya Vidyalayas and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas.

In the higher education space, the total budgetary allocation has been reduced for IITs—from Rs8,244.8 crore to Rs6,326 crore in 2018-19. There is a cut in the budget allocations to IIMs as well as the University Grants Commission.

Despite its digital education push, Budget 2018 has cut fund allocation for e-learning from Rs518 crore to Rs456 crore in FY19. However, it has pegged an allocation of Rs250 crore for the World Class Institutions plan.

Meanwhile the budget on Thursday announced that the prevalent 3% education cess will be replaced with a 4% education and health cess. This will help the government garner Rs11,000 crore per annum from taxpayers.

Other Important Decisions in CCEA Meeting (28 March 2018)

— CCEA approves Credit Guarantee Fund for Education Loans (CGFEL) and Central Sector Interest Subsidy (CSIS) Scheme. These 2 schemes – education loan guarantee scheme and education loan interest subsidy scheme will provide education loans to students without any guarantee and full interest subsidy.
— CCEA also approves to enhance the coverage of Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana

Pawan kumar


The govt. should do regular all employees of ssa and rmsa for better implementation of this scheme,because under these schemes employees are working as contractual so many employee are leaving these schemes.So these type of schemes do not implement in a good manner.

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