PM National Nutrition Mission (NNM) to improve the Nutrition indicators for Children & Pregnant Women – Details

Published Date - 05 March 2018 06:36:24 Updated Date - 05 March 2018 06:36:47

The National Nutrition Mission (NNM) under the Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) has received a major boost in the Union Budget with an over- three-fold increase in its budget for the next financial year. 
An amount of Rs 3,000 crore has been set aside for it, as compared to Rs 950 crore last year. 
However, this was on expected lines as the Union Cabinet had, in December last year, approved Rs 9,046 crore for the NNM for a period of three years (2017-2020). 

The NNM strives to reduce the level of stunting, under- nutrition, anaemia and low-birth weight babies and aims to benefit 10 crore people across the country.

A total amount of Rs 24,700 crore has been set aside for the WCD ministry for the next financial year, a paltry one per cent increase over the Rs 21,236 crore allocated to it last year. A major chunk of it -- Rs 16,334 crore -- is for anganwadi services. 

Despite demands from activists for increasing the allocation for the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, the scheme has in fact seen a marginal drop with Rs 2,400 crore set aside for it. 
The programme provides Rs 6,000 each to pregnant women and lactating mothers to compensate them for wage loss. An amount of Rs 2,594 crore was granted last year to the programme, which aims to benefit 51.6 lakh women. 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's pet project Beti Bachao Beti Padhao will get Rs 280 crore as compared to Rs 200 crore for the current financial year. 

An amount of Rs 500 crore will be transferred to the Nirbhaya Fund, which was set up to enhance the safety of the women. This takes the total amount in the fund, since it was instituted in 2013, to Rs 3,500 crore. 

An amount of Rs 725 crore has been set aside for child protection services in the budget. 
National Nutrition Mission Objectives will ensure better monitoring, supervision, target fixing, issuance of alerts for timely actions and guidance of nutrition related interventions across ministries. Accordingly, this PM Yojan targets to reduce the rate of under-nutrition and low birth weight by 2% every year. Moreover, all children in the age group of 3 to 6 years will get hot-cooked meals.

Aadhaar Card is a mandatory document to avail benefits of this scheme. For NNM, the central govt. has allotted a 3 year budget of Rs 9046.17 crore per year (2017-20) for its successful implementation.

 

National Nutrition Mission Objectives

The important NNM objectives and the essential features of this scheme includes the following points:-

  Central govt. will launch this mission to provide necessary and adequate nutrition to women, adolescent girls and young babies (0-6 years of age). Moreover, NNM mission will map all other related schemes which contributes to address malnutrition.

  Govt. will create a strong convergence mechanism to tackle under-nutrition, low birth weight, anaemia and stunting.

  Accordingly, govt. will perform social audits to ensure that this scheme is properly implemented.

  In addition to this, govt. will also give Rs. 500 to all the Anganwadi workers (AWWs) to ensure enrollment through Aadhar.

  Moreover, govt. will set up an ICT based real time monitoring system. This will reduce the work load of AWWs and put an end to existing process of maintaining registers.

  To encourage workers on use of latest technologies through IT based tools like Smartphones.

Furthermore, Central govt. will also open various Nutrition Resource Centers (NRCs). For this purpose, govt. will also focus on involvement of masses through Jan Andolan.

National Nutrition Mission – Major Impact Areas

NNM will focus on reducing the level of stunting, under nutrition, anaemia and low birth weight babies. The major impact areas are as follows:-

  • NNM’s primary focus is to reduce rate of under-nutrition and low birth weight by 2% per year.
  • National Nutrition Mission is going to witness a substantial reduction in stunting from 38.4 percent (National Family Health Survey 4 Report) to 25 percent till FY 2022.
  • Subsequently, NNM mission will reduce the anaemia rate among young children, women and adolescent girls by at-least 3% every year.
 

National Nutrition Mission – Benefits, Budget & Coverage

— National Nutrition Health Mission targets to benefit around 10 crore people. Accordingly, Central govt. will also provide incentives to State and Union Territories (UTs) to meet targets.
— Henceforth, govt. has allocated budgetary provision of Rs. 9046 crore every year from 2017-2020.
— This scheme will include various states in Phases. As per the proposal, govt. will cover 315 districts in the year 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts will get covered in 2019-20.

NNM Real Time Monitoring

Central govt. is going to adopt a 6 tier real time reporting system which is as follows:-

NNM Six Tier Reporting System

Anganwadi workers

Anganwadi supervisor

Child development project officer

District officials

Official appointed by the chief secretary at the state level

Central Govt. officials

Funding Pattern of NNM (2017-20)

There is a total budgetary provision of Rs. 9046.17 crore per year for 3 years, the distribution for this is given below:-
— Government Budgetary Support will provide 50% of funds and the remaining 50% funds are organized from IBRD or any other MDB.
— Accordingly, Govt. budgetary support will remain in the ratio 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for North Eastern Region (NER) and Himalayan States while this is 100% for UTs without legislature.
— Central govt. share for NNM over a period of 3 years would be Rs. 2849.54 crore.

National Nutrition Mission Target

Central govt. is going to monitor and also perform convergence action plan upto grass root level. For this reason, NNM will focus on the use of IT technology for monitoring purpose.

Disease

Target Reduction

Stunting

2%

Under-Nutrition

2%

Low Birth Weight

2%

Anaemia

3%

Furthermore, NNM mission will also track distribution of supplementary nutrition through Anganwadi Workers, Asha Workers and Auxiliary Nurse Midwife level under Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS).

NNM Guidelines

— Guidelines for Implementation of Incremental Learning Approach – Click Here
— Guidelines for organizing Community Based Events – Click Here

References

— For any further information, please visit the official website http://icds-wcd.nic.in/nnm/home.htm

 

 




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